Chicago Manual of Style: An Overview

10 12 2012

The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMS or CMOS (the version used on its website), or verbally as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press. Its sixteen editions have prescribed writing and citation styles widely used in publishing. It is “one of the most widely used and respected style guides in the United States. The CMS deals with aspects of editorial practice, from American English grammar and usage to document preparation.

What is now known as The Chicago Manual of Style was first published in 1906 under the title Manual of Style: Being a compilation of the typographical rules in force at the University of Chicago Press, to which are appended specimens of type in use (image right). From its first 203-page edition, the CMOS evolved into a comprehensive reference style guide of 1,026 pages in its 16th edition.[1] It was one of the first editorial style guides published in the United States, and it is largely responsible for research methodology standardization, notably citation style.

The most significant revision to the manual was made for the 12th edition, published in 1969. Its first printing of 20,000 copies sold out before it was printed.[2] In 1982, with the publication of the 13th edition, it was officially retitled The Chicago Manual of Style, adopting the informal name already in widespread use.

More recently, the publishers have released a new edition about every ten years. The 15th edition was revised to reflect the emergence of computer technology and the Internet in publishing, offering guidance for citing electronic works. Other changes included a chapter by Bryan A. Garner on American English grammar and usage and a revised treatment of mathematical copy.

In August 2010, the 16th edition was published simultaneously in the hardcover and online editions for the first time in the Manual’s history. In a departure from the trademark red-orange cover, the sixteenth edition featured a robin’s-egg blue dust jacket (image lower right). The latest edition features “music, foreign languages, and computer topics (such as Unicode characters and URLs)”. It also offers expanded recommendations for producing electronic publications, including web-based content and e-books. An updated appendix on production and digital technology demystifies the process of electronic workflow and offers a primer on the use of XML markup; it also included a revised glossary includes a host of terms associated with electronic and print publishing. The Chicago system of documentation is streamlined to achieve greater consistency between the author-date and notes-bibliography systems of citation, making both systems easier to use. In addition, updated and expanded examples address the many questions that arise when documenting online and digital sources, from the use of DOIs to citing social networking sites. Figures and tables are updated throughout the book, including a return to the Manual‘s popular hyphenation table and new, selective listings of Unicode numbers for special characters.

The Chicago Manual of Style is published in hardcover and online. The online edition includes the searchable text of both the 15th and 16th—its most recent—editions with features such as tools for editors, a citation guide summary, and searchable access to a Q&A, where University of Chicago Press editors answer readers’ style questions. An annual subscription is required for access to the content of the Manual. (Access to the Q&A, however, is free.)

The Chicago Manual of Style is used in some social science publications and most historical journals. It remains the basis for the Style Guide of the American Anthropological Association and the Style Sheet for the Organization of American Historians.

The Chicago Manual of Style includes chapters relevant to publishers of books and journals. It is used widely by academic and some trade publishers, as well as editors and authors who are required by those publishers to follow it.

Chicago style offers writers a choice of several different formats. It invites the mixing of formats, provided that the result is clear and consistent. For instance, the 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style permits the use of both in-text citation systems and/or footnotes or endnotes, including use of “content notes”; it gives information about in-text citation by page number (like MLA style) or by year of publication (like APA style); it even provides for variations in styles of footnotes and endnotes, depending on whether the paper includes a full bibliography at the end.

The Chicago Manual of Style also discusses the parts of a book and the editing process.

A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is based on the Chicago Manual of Style.

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Self Editing For Fiction Writers.

7 12 2012

A great blog post about self editing!

writemindsauthors

Some time ago, I wrote aboutWriting to Sell” by Scott Meredith and how this book made a difference in how I write. I still think it is a great book. Last week I found another book while reading a blog by David Gaughran. David recommended a book titled “Self-Editing for Fiction Writers. As I took a look at the book I figured I might as well see what it had to offer so I purchased it. It arrived Saturday. I read the first chapter today. I wish I would have had this book five years ago. I wish I would have had BOTH of these books five years ago. (For additional insights, check out Dave King’s website here.) As I read today, I decided I would blog about each chapter as I go through the book. I am going to list only the…

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Reblog Week: A Half Page of Edits

4 12 2012

A truthful and humorous look at what a manuscript looks like after a good edit.

lying for a living

Just so you know what my work looks like at the moment: Here’s half a page of my manuscript for The Shadow Tracer. Lines in red are my additions to the current draft. Lines struck through in red are cuts I’ve made. Strike-throughs in blue come from my editor.

Those few black lines of text? Those are words I’ve left alone.

By the way, the manuscript currently prints out at 424 pages.

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Professional Book Editing Services Starting at $199.99

28 11 2012

Every writer needs a professional editor. Charles Henry Editing is offering professional book editing starting at $199.99!

Book Copy Editing:  $199.99

Copy Editing makes the copy clear, concise, comprehensible and consistent. It involves correcting spelling, terminology, punctuation, grammatical, semantic, and factual errors

Book Content Editing (substantive editing):  $199.99

Content Editing analyzes the broader story elements such as organization, plot, character development, and structure.

Book Proofreading: $199.99.

Proofreading includes checking for typographical, spelling, and formatting errors using standard proof marks set forth by the Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition.

Want a to get more than one service at a low price? Check out our package deals!

Author’s Delight (Best for submitting to traditional publishers)

Services include: content editing, copy editing, and proofreading.

  • 50,000 words and Under: $299.99
  • 50,001 to 100,000 words: $399.99
  • 100,001 words and Up: $499.99

Publication Ready (Best for self publishers)

Services include: content editing, copy editing, proofreading, formatting; creating front matter, and creating back matter.

  • 50,000 words and Under: $599.99
  • 50,001 to 100,000 words: $799.99
  • 100,001 words and Up: $999.99

Go to http://www.charleshenryeditingblog or http://www.charleshenryediting.com to learn more about services provided by Charles Henry Editing. Email Carolyn Elias at carolyn@charleshenryediting.com to get started on the professional edit of your book!





New Editing Packages Available for Authors & Publishers!

21 11 2012

Rates and Fees

All fees are based upon the word count of the original document sent by the client.
Package DealsAuthors Delight:Services include: content editing, copy editing, and proofreading.

  • 50,000 words and Under: $299.99
  • 50,001 to 100,000 words: $399.99
  • 100,001 words and Up: $499.99

Publication Ready::

Services include: content editing, copy editing, proofreading, formatting; creating front matter, and creating back matter.

  • 50,000 words and Under: $599.99
  • 50,001 to 100,000 words: $799.99
  • 100,001 words and Up: $999.99

 





How to Content Edit Like a Pro: Overall Content Checklist

19 11 2012

So, you finally finished writing an amazing novel or academic paper and, after basking in the glory of your finished work,  now what? Editing. Editing polishes a good idea into a great product. It irons out all the little devilish details and can be overwhelming. I am frequently asked by clients how to begin editing. With so many little things to fix it is hard to figure out what things should be fixed first.

I always do content (substantive) editing first. In my opinion you can’t fix how to say an idea until the ideas make sense.

Content Editing Checklist: Overall Content

  1. Does the work clearly focus on one topic?
  2. Does the introduction grab the interest your intended reader and offer a clear purpose for reading?

  3. Throughout the work is there a clear, logical point that is supported in each paragraph

  4. Are the facts accurate?

  5. Does the work follow a logical plan from beginning to end?

  6. Does the body of the work present well-ordered paragraphs of main ideas with relevant, supporting details

  7. Does the conclusion leave readers feeling satisfied, feeling a sense of conclusion now that they have reached the end and know what to do with the information?

  8. Is the necessary background information given?

  9. Does the work moves smoothly from one idea to the next?

  10. Do the transitions make sense and ameliorate the flow of the work?

These are the ten most basic things to go through when beginning content editing. Tomorrow I will teach you how to line by line content edit like a professional.





Substantive Editing: Fleshing out Your Story

3 11 2012

In substantive editing (also known as developmental editing and comprehensive editing), the editor considers a document’s concept and intended use, content, organization, design, and style. The purpose is to make the document functional for its readers, not just to make it correct and consistent.

substantive edit deals with the overall structure of the publication:

  • Does it all fit together into a coherent whole?
  • Is the order of presentation logical (from the target audience’s point of view)?
  • Is all the necessary information included, and unnecessary information deleted?

Contrast this work with copy editing, most of which is rules-based and concerned with grammar, spelling, punctuation, and other mechanics of style and the internal consistency of facts and presentation. Both types of edit are essential; they just focus on different issues. See my post Copy editing: What It Is and Why It is Important.

Why You Should Use a Professional Substantive Editor

Manuscripts need in-depth, comprehensive, substantive editing — the kind that deals with the nuts and bolts of organization and structure, of plotting and pacing, of characterization, of voice and tone, along with all of the stylistic elements and overall substance that go into creating a great read. Whether fiction or nonfiction, every book (or short story or article) needs the type of thorough going over that only a developmental editor can provide.

What Substantive Editors Go Over

  • Are the characters real, flesh-and-bone, multi-sided people? Does the reader know them once the story has taken off? Or simply know about them? Do they interact in believable ways. Does the main character grow and evolve?
  • Does the pacing fit the storyline? Different genres require different pacing, and it helps to work with an editor who understands the market and the genre in which you’re writing. Does one chapter flow into the next, building to a climax, making for a satisfying read? Does the book “fit” together? Does it have a cohesive beginning, middle, and end? Or does the plotline fizzle and sag, or leave huge holes that are never bridged?
  • Is there a point to the book?
  • Does the language sing? Is the writer telling the story, or creating, showing, evoking for the reader?

The very best substantive editors can not only pinpoint the problems, in all areas, but most importantly, be able to show you how to fix those short falls. An editor’s job is to help a writer to fashion the very best book it can be and create a great read.

Substantive editing is $199.99.  Contact us at carolyn@charleshenryediting.com








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